Granting forgiveness for the wrongs done to us can be one of the hardest things we face in life. But forgiveness can also be transformative. In the first of a two-part series on apologies and mercy, we talk with psychologist Charlotte Witvliet about the benefits of forgiveness, for both the mind and the body.
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Apology and Restitution: Offender Accountability Responses Influence Victim Empathy and Forgiveness. Charlotte V. O. Witvliet, Nathaniel Wade, Everett Worthington, Lindseyt Root Luna, Daryl Van Tongeren, Jack Berry, and Jo-Ann Tsang. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 2020.
The Mandate of the Collective: Apology Representativeness Determines Perceived Sincerity and Forgiveness in Intergroup Contexts. Michael Wenzel, Tyler Okimoto, Matthew Hornsey, Ellie Lawrence-Wood, and Anne Marie Coughlin. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2017.
The Thorny Issue of Forgiveness: A Psychological Perspective. Julie Juloa Exline. Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal, 2013.
Compassionate reappraisal and emotion suppression as alternatives to offense-focused rumination: Implications for forgiveness and psychophysiological well-being. Charlotte V.O. Witvliet, Alicia Hofelich and P. A. Deyoung. Journal of Positive Psychology, 2011.
The Dark Side of Forgiveness: The Tendency to Forgive Predicts Continued Psychological and Physical Aggression in Marriage. James McNulty. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2011.
Interpersonal consequences of forgiveness: Does forgiveness deter or encourage repeat offenders? Harry Wallace, Roy Baumeister, Julie Exline. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 2008.
Granting Forgiveness or Harboring Grudges: Implications for Emotion, Physiology, and Health. Charlotte V. O. Witvliet , T E Ludwig, K L Vander Laan. Psychological Science, 2001.