Our Noisy Minds

Psychologist Daniel Kahneman says there are invisible factors that distort our judgment. He calls these factors “noise.” The consequences can be found in everything from marriage proposals to medical diagnoses and prison sentences. This week on Hidden Brain, we consider how to identify noise in the world, and in our own lives.

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Additional Resources


Noise: A Flaw in Human Judgment, Daniel Kahneman, Olivier Sibony and Cass Sunstein, Little, Brown Spark, 2021

The Wisdom of Crowds, James Surowiecki,  Anchor; Reprint edition, 2005

Research Studies:

Refugee Roulette: Disparities in Asylum Adjudication” Jaya Ramji-Nogales, Andrew I. Schoenholtz & Philip G. Schrag, Stanford Law Review, April 2020 

“Clouds Make Nerds Look Good: Field Evidence of the Impact of Incidental Factors on Decision Making” Simonsohn, Uri, Clouds Make Nerds Look Good: Field Evidence of the Impact of Incidental Factors on Decision Making, SSRN, 2006 

“Algorithm Aversion”Berkeley Jay Deitvorst, Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations, 2016

Measuring the Crowd Within: Probabilistic Representations Within Individuals” Edward Vul, Harold PashlerSage Journals July 2008

“Human Decisions and Machine Predictions”, Jon Kleinberg , Himabindu Lakkaraju , Jure LeskovecJens Ludwig , Sendhil MullainathanQ J Econ.,  2018


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Go behind the scenes, see what Shankar is reading and find more useful resources and links.