Decoding Emotions

We like to think that all humans are born with the same core emotions: anger, fear, joy, sadness and disgust. But what if that’s not true? This week, psychologist Batja Mesquita offers a different model of emotions — one that can help us to better understand our own feelings and those of the people around us.


Between Us: How Cultures Create Emotions, by Batja Mesquita, 2022.

Lost in Translation: A Life in a New Language, by Eva Hoffman, 1989. 


Emotion Semantics Show Both Cultural Variation and Universal Structure, by Joshua Conrad Jackson et al., Science, 2019.

Emotions in Collectivist and Individualist Contexts, by Batia Mesquita, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2001.

Cultural Variations in Emotions: A Review, by Batja Mesquita and Nico Frijda, Psychological Bulletin, 1992.


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